The most popular regional policy in the 12th Five

2022-07-26
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"12th Five Year Plan" regional policies or "preference" for the central and Western Regions. At the same time, many provinces and regions are working intensively on the preparation of the 12th Five Year Plan at the local level. As a link between national and local regional planning, which regional planning can be included in the 12th Five Year Plan? Officials and scholars interviewed by China Securities Journal pointed out that the 12th Five Year regional plan will focus on narrowing the regional gap and incline to the Jung industrial seminar in economically underdeveloped regions such as the central and western regions. At present, the regional plans of Guangxi, Henan, Inner Mongolia and other provinces may be hot candidates

many provinces and regions plan to rush to upgrade the 12th Five Year Plan from 2011 to 2015, which involves not only the development planning of specific industries such as energy, environmental protection, industry, communication and informatization, but also the five-year planning of economic development in different regions. Different from the past, the 12th Five Year Plan will put the regional planning in a more prominent and important position, and clarify the strategy of regional economic development, spatial layout and the focus and direction of structural adjustment

the 12th Five Year regional plan is mainly led by the Regional Economic Department of the National Commission for the great reform of the gap between the force measuring piston and the force measuring cylinder. The preliminary work of intensive research in various provinces has been basically completed

in the early intensive research stage, Inner Mongolia, Henan, Guizhou, Xinjiang, Yunnan and other provinces and regions are also reporting their own regional planning, hoping to be included in the national 12th Five Year regional planning

according to incomplete statistics, since 2009, at least 26 regional plans or documents have been approved by the State Council. They either cover several provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions directly under the central government), or specifically refer to some regions of a province. They have different names and different functions. They usually sprout at the local level and are later incorporated into the planning guidance of national ministries and commissions, and eventually become regional planning at different levels

there is no doubt that once selected into the 12th Five Year regional plan, the province will receive more tax support in terms of finance, taxation, land, finance, etc., which is one of the reasons why all provinces and regions actively report the regional plan

however, not all these reported regional plans can be included in the 12th Five Year regional plan. According to a relevant person from the Regional Department of the national development and Reform Commission, regional development plans (or opinions) have been intensively issued since 2009, but not all regional plans can be included. This requires comprehensive consideration of various conditions, such as whether it is conducive to the development of key areas, accelerating development and underdeveloped areas catching up from behind to achieve leapfrog development; Whether it focuses on the implementation of major reform and development strategies proposed by the state, such as resource-saving strategy, environment-friendly strategy and industrial transfer strategy, and whether it can meet the needs of deepening opening-up and cooperation

according to these conditions, the formulation of the 12th Five Year regional plan will focus on the coordinated development of different regions, narrowing the regional gap, developing comparative advantages, accelerating the transformation of economic mode, and taking into account the people's livelihood, so as to avoid localization of regional planning and one size fits all national planning, and ensure the continuity and sustainability of policy ideas, avoid big ups and downs and flipping the cake, and adjust the transformation in a stable manner

regional policies will be inclined to the central and western regions

many experts interviewed by China Securities News believe that at present, the central and western regions will receive more attention in the Regional Planning reported by the provinces

In early July, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council held a working meeting on the great development of the western region to plan for the future development of the western region. The conference highlighted the strategic position of the west, and clearly pointed out that the western development has a priority in China's overall strategy of regional coordinated development, a basic position in promoting social harmony, and a special position in realizing sustainable development. A relevant person from the national development and Reform Commission said that narrowing the regional gap and seeking regional coordination is one of the goals of the 12th Five Year Plan, and the current situation that the central and western regions have lagged behind the eastern regions for a long time is the main reason for the country to make up its mind to introduce more preferential policies and carry out regional revitalization

China Securities News has learned that Guangxi, Henan, Inner Mongolia and other central and western provinces are planning to submit regional plans

the Party committee and government of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region put forward a major strategic decision to build Xijiang golden waterway and promote the coordinated development of regional economy. They decided to invest more than 21.5 billion yuan from 2008 to 2012 to build Xijiang into an open, cooperative, coordinated and ecological golden waterway of 100 million tons, and promote the formation of Xijiang economic belt with the construction of Xijiang golden waterway of 100 million tons. This plan has been submitted to the national development and Reform Commission. Analysts pointed out that Guangxi's advantage in developing the Xijiang regional economy lies in its proximity to the Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao markets and its ability to actively undertake industrial transfer from the East

it is also reported that WuJingLian, a researcher of the development research center of the State Council, suggested that the concept of the Central Plains Economic Zone should be incorporated into the national master plan, and the Central Plains Economic Zone should be highlighted in the 12th Five Year Plan, because the Central Plains region is a major part of the central region. The main part of the Central Plains is Henan. Once Henan is incorporated into the national regional economic system, the advantages of agriculture and transportation in the central region will quickly improve the development speed and level of Henan

according to the Inner Mongolia Bureau of statistics, the central government is expected to issue an inner Mongolia regional plan similar to the Xinjiang regional revitalization plan in November. A total of 169 people from 44 ministries and commissions, including the national development and Reform Commission, went to Inner Mongolia for research, covering seven important aspects of Inner Mongolia, including development goals, ecological status, industrial structure status, infrastructure construction, people's livelihood improvement, regional overall and coordinated development and policy support

in addition, Guizhou, Yunnan and other provinces will also successively introduce relevant plans. The research department of Guotai Junan Securities ensures that the clamping unit and test board are fixed at this position. According to a relevant person, according to the logic of the introduction of China's regional planning and regional rise, Yunnan and Guizhou, which have not yet launched regional planning, may also have new plans

focus on giving full play to comparative advantages according to local conditions

a regional economic researcher from the national development and Reform Commission told the China Securities Journal that the government should not specifically intervene in the industrial transfer between regions, and should not give specific support policies, but carry out policy guidance to let the industry transfer naturally. Encourage each region to carry out industrial planning and guidance according to its own natural endowment, and issue supporting policies

take Anhui as an example. Liuronghua, deputy director of Anhui Provincial Development and Reform Commission, told China Securities News that the State Council approved the planning of Wanjiang City belt industrial transfer demonstration zone, which clearly defined that the Wanjiang City belt industrial transfer demonstration zone will take equipment manufacturing, raw material industry, light textile industry, high-tech industry, modern service industry and modern agriculture as the six pillar industries to be developed, which have appropriate matters. 2. The pointer will not return to zero when changing the weight; The reasons for this: compatibility, and strategic advantages. According to the prediction of the cities in the demonstration zone, by 2015, the GDP of the demonstration zone will reach 1.75 trillion yuan, and the fiscal revenue will exceed 230billion yuan, which is equivalent to rebuilding Anhui in 2008

in the development plan of Inner Mongolia, the new energy industry is favored. Inner Mongolia is rich in resource endowments, with good resource development conditions, low development costs and close to the market. Some experts suggest that the regional planning of Inner Mongolia can be set as a national energy priority development area, and the state should support the development of new energy and resources in Inner Mongolia

the influx of a large number of funds is a highlight of the regional revitalization policy. Taking Xinjiang as an example, the counterpart support of provinces and cities alone will bring nearly 13billion yuan, equivalent to 30% of the local fiscal revenue of Xinjiang

in Anhui, in the first July of this year, the investment outside the province increased by 63%, including not only the additional investment from the pioneers of industrial transfer, but also the enterprises attracted by relevant policies and settled in Anhui for the first time. Liuronghua pointed out that these new investments have greatly enhanced the economic vitality of Wanjiang demonstration zone and laid a good foundation for it to become a new economic growth pole in Anhui and even the central region

(source: China Securities Journal)

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