The most popular regulations and measures on packa

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Regulations and measures on packaging in some countries and regions (Part I)

1.1 European countries

1.1.1 France

France also began to put forward the problems of recycling, regeneration and resource conservation of waste packaging as early as the 1970s

1971, the "Friends of the earth" organization launched a campaign against "non re fillable bottle". The organization claims that soft drink bottles are just the beginning, and its ultimate goal is to include the reuse of food and non food containers

In 1977, the French government and industry reached an agreement on saving resources that would not be cut off, increasing regeneration and reducing the waste of beverage containers

In the 1990s, after the formulation and implementation of the German packaging waste disposal act, France formulated more timely provisions

like the packaging waste disposal act of Germany, the packaging waste disposal act of France is also based on the principle of "Whoever pollutes will bear". Manufacturers and importers using packaging should effectively recycle the waste that is expected to double the output value of baowanhua Ningbo Industrial Park on the existing basis, or pay the fees for using the joint logo to national recognized organizations (such as eco Emballage) and entrust these organizations to recycle. The manufacturer using packaging refers to the enterprise that packs its own products to enter the circulation market, or refers to the enterprise that delivers its products to other companies for packaging. If it is difficult to determine the enterprise responsible for packaging waste disposal, according to the provisions of the decree, the enterprise that initially made the product enter the market circulation field will bear the relevant obligations

(1) French regulations on packaging

1) sales packaging regulations

1992 packaging regulations officially came into force on January 1, 1993. The main objective of this regulation is to reduce the amount of household packaging waste disposed of in the way of burying. This packaging regulation only deals with sales packaging and does not involve industrial packaging waste

this regulation requires manufacturers and importers to be responsible for recycling and reprocessing household packaging waste. If it is difficult to determine whether the responsibility should be borne by the manufacturer or the importer, the first operator to develop the market in France shall be responsible for the recycling and reuse of its packaging waste. The regulation treats all kinds of sales packages equally, and does not determine the annual quota index, but requires that 75% of the recovery quota must be completed by 2002

in addition to canning and recycling of materials, French packaging regulations also allow household packaging waste to be incinerated, but its incineration must be based on the premise that it can produce energy

manufacturers and importers have three different options for the collection and classification of household packaging:

① processing system

② with the consent of the Ministry of environment, the Ministry of trade, the Ministry of industry, the Ministry of agriculture and the Ministry of public affairs, a personal collection system is adopted

③ pay to the local government to establish a collection and classification system. After approval by the Ministry of environment, the Ministry of trade, the Ministry of industry, the Ministry of agriculture and the Ministry of public affairs, the organization responsible for the collection of packaging waste will have a maximum working period of six years

2) transport packaging regulations

transport packaging regulations issued on July 13, 1994 are applicable to all packaging except household sales packaging. The regulation states that the transportation packaging waste must be incinerated into energy to achieve the purpose of recycling, or converted into a reusable material. The final packaging users are required to separate the products from the packaging, that is, companies and retailers are required to recycle and reprocess the transportation packaging waste. The regulations on paper and paperboard came into force on September 21st, 1994. The regulations on other packaging materials were originally scheduled to be issued on July 21st, 1995, but it seems that they will be extended

in order to meet the requirements of transportation and packaging laws and regulations, the final packaging users who are responsible for the recycling and reprocessing of packaging wastes can choose solutions from the following three modes:

① dispose of them by themselves in the designated factory

② hand it over to the designated factory and instruct it to handle it

③ if the transport company, operator or broker can meet the prerequisites of the transport packaging regulations, they can be responsible for handling

transport packaging regulations treat all types of transport packaging equally. All kinds of transportation packaging wastes shall be treated separately in the process of collection, classification and recycling, and shall not be confused

(2) French packaging waste recycling system

in France, the municipal government is the only authorized agency to collect household waste including packaging, and is responsible for the classification of waste packaging, recycling and transportation of incineration packaging materials. This additional cost will be paid by eco packaging and ultimately borne by the manufacturer

"ecological packaging" is a central recycling system for collecting and classifying household packaging wastes established by French manufacturers and importers on August 291992 in view of the pressure brought about by French packaging regulations. The company is a limited company, where the filler, product producer and importer work together and share the shares. The competent department allows the "ecological packaging" company to be responsible for the recycling and reprocessing of household packaging waste for a period of six years. It transfers the right to use the "blue mark" to its franchised enterprises, collects appropriate fees, and guarantees the timely recycling and reuse of the packages with such marks. The charge for using this sign varies according to the quantity, circulation area and weight of each packaging unit. The average unit is about 3 students, which is about 40% of the German DSD "green label" cost (about 2 finnies). It is worth mentioning that the two countries recognized and agreed on the relationship of mutual cooperation in the classification and reuse of packaging wastes in the future. French eco embalwp80 worm gear reducer lage company agrees that enterprises with the green dot mark of German DSD company do not need to re apply for the joint mark of eco Emballage company when exporting their goods to France. Packaging waste with green dot logo can also be recycled and treated in France. The enterprise with DSD logo pays a certain service fee to eco embassy. DSD company of Germany will cooperate with eco Emballage company of France in technology development and information exchange for reuse

in addition to "ecological packaging" companies, there are many other organizations in France. Some of them have been engaged in the recycling and reprocessing of packaging waste, and some are applying to the relevant departments and expressing their willingness to join the ranks

specifically, the difference between the green packaging system in France and Germany lies in:

① French laws and regulations stipulate that the import enterprises and manufacturers using packaging products are responsible for recycling packaging waste, not including retailers. Thus, for example, department stores have no obligation to participate in recycling. The German law stipulates that manufacturers and sellers (including retailers) are responsible for recycling packaging waste

② France believes that incineration treatment meets the requirements and effects of reuse under the condition of heat recovery. Such incinerators shall comply with the emission standards of the European community. Germany does not regard this treatment as reuse

③ the municipal government is responsible for the recycling and transportation of packaging waste in France. Local public organizations have established a recycling system for waste. The business community has tried its best to give the government a tangible hand to play a decisive role in supporting it to play an increasingly important role. "Ecological packaging" company does not recycle packaging waste, but only helps the government recycle waste economically

the German government and local public organizations require enterprises to establish their own packaging waste treatment system, and the DSD system is directly responsible for the recycling and treatment of packaging waste

④ different from Germany, France does not specify the relevant standards of recovery and classification rate in the decree. Although the original relevant laws and regulations of France set the target value for reuse (50% by 1997 and 75% by 2000), they did not set the final target value. The final standard was formulated by the intermediate organization (eco Emballage) to an acceptable extent. This means that instead of forcing enterprises to reuse packaging waste, they have adopted a relatively soft and acceptable way to allow various intermediary organizations to set unique goals

1.1.2 Britain

at present, the British government has not formulated relevant laws to support the recycling of household packaging waste, but the British government has expressed its intention to change this situation, hoping to promote the polluter pays principle to solve the recycling problem of packaging waste, and has decided to pass this bill at the Congress

in the UK, although the packaging industry is a whole, each packaging department is an independent manufacturing industry, and they all have their own recycling ways

1993, rockwareglass and United glass established the British glass recycling company (BGRC). BGRC's task is to collect and distribute broken glass, and further develop the national glass bottle recycling plan to make it more effective and obtain greater economic benefits. This company has made great contributions to the development of glass recycling system. It is said that in 1993, 501000 tons of glass were recovered in Britain, equivalent to 30% of the output of glass containers

in the packaging field, the two main uses of aluminum are beverage cans and aluminum foil, and their recovery and collection should be carried out separately. The aluminum cans Recycling Association is responsible for leading the recycling of aluminum cans, and there are 600 aluminum cans cash acquisition sites nationwide; The aluminum foil Recycling Association is responsible for leading the national aluminum foil recycling work. 20 major companies have launched the "aluminum foil recycling campaign" and set up 20 regional recycling systems

thousands of people in Britain take part in the collection of waste paper. Some merchants buy from various collection channels, and then classify and rank them. In Britain, waste paper is divided into 11 categories, and categories 7-11 are packaging grade. Among them, category 7 is double faced kraft paper and new kraft paper leftovers, category 8 is old cartons, category 9 is mixed paper, category 10 is colored paperboard, and category 11 is dirty paperboard. Most paper and paperboard factories buy waste paper from merchants. The content of waste paper in packaging industry can be as high as 80%

in the UK, the resin used to manufacture plastic bottles is coded and marked on the package for classification: polyester (PET) -01, high density polyethylene (HDPE) -02, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) -03, low density polyethylene (LDPE) -04, polypropylene (PP) -05, polystyrene (PS) -06, and others (including multi-layer coextrusion) -07. The recycling of used plastic container (recoup) established in 1993 actively recycles waste plastic bottles. Recycled plastic bottles are rarely used in the manufacture of re blow molding bottles, but their utilization in other industries is growing, and their demand greatly exceeds the recycling capacity

people think it is difficult to separate used plastic films from household garbage, especially those used in food packaging, which are often soiled. Therefore, they should not be recycled, but they can be burned as energy

there are two ways to recycle steel packaging containers in the UK - magnetic suction method and "saving every

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